Dr Gonçalves has been involved in engineering surveillance systems for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) and has consulted to the Karoo Array Telescope and led a renewable energy project as a systems engineer. As part of effort to develop systems engineering skills at the CSIR and nationally, he has developed a practice-based systems engineering programme which is being presented at Wits University. More recently he has been involved in Force Planning and Design for the SANDF. He currently leads a Whole-of-Society approach to strategy development at the CSIR with border security and rhino poaching as the first applications of the approach.
Dr Gonçalves has a strong interest in trans-disciplinary problems that span engineering, social sciences and strategy.